Things without self-nature do not mean that they do not have the True-Nature or True-Form. Their True-Form is Nothingness, is the Ultimate Reality. The True-Nature of things is Non-Nature; Non-Nature itself is the True-Nature of them.

The nature of Nothingness is connected to everywhere, it means the nature of Nothingness exists in everything. The nature of Nothingness of a Dharma is identical to the nature of Nothingness of all Dharmas. Because the nature of Nothingness is in all Dharmas, the nature of Nothingness is infinite and unlimited by its identity, therefore it covers all Dharmas. All beings which are the universe do not exist by themselves, they only exist when there are enough conditions, only exist by the relation, the layers extend endlessly, one is the representative conditioning for all, all are the conditioning for one, all in one, one in all.

Therefore, the universe is described as a great human network, all start up at the same time, depend upon one another, and influence one another, and each existence is not the obstacle to others’ existence and activities. That network is also called Dharmadhàtu, is the positive form of the Nature of Nothingness, and is an active display of the Absolute-Truth. The Dharmadhatu not only shows the phenomenal world – the world dhatu – which is controlled by the theorem of the dependence on the Nature of Conditioning of Dharmas, but also shows the realm of the Absolute-Truth of Buddhas, without the smallest thought, eternal peace, the Nature of desire is Nirvana. If the whole process of arising from conditional causation of this universe is examined, the Nature of the arising of the universe, in terms of the cause, is the nature of Nothingness, is Dharmadhàtu.

The Dharmadhàtu of the dependent original is the theory according to which the universe, in terms of the effect, is the common of the creation of all species, interrelates closely on the whole, and appears in mutual association. All individuals connect together, but each thing maintains completely the characteristic individuality in itself.

Stephen Hawking, the renowned theoretical physicist, proposed a universe similar to the Dharmadhàtu of Avatamsake. In 1970, together with physicist Roger Penrose, he used Einstein’s theory of relativity, and discovered a mathematical theorem by which the universe starts from a mathematical abnormal point called the original point of the universe. This theory is often called Explosion Theory (Big Bang).

But this theory could explain only a half of the appearance of the universe, because the Theory of relativity is incapable of describing the original point of the universe. Therefore, in 1981, Stephen Hawking tried to combine the Theory of relativity and quantum mechanics, used virtual numbers to represent time, and successfully demonstrated mathematically that all physical materials do not appear from an abnormal point. Instead, they are from a unitary reality, identical and symmetrical, no abnormal point, no difference, no birth and no death.

According to Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, things appear because the Reality self-nature is different, constantly depending on conditions, which lead to the fluctuation of the emitted energy; destroy the original symmetry of the Reality. The beginning of the changing process is from the symmetrical correlative rising, which means the pairs of symmetrical particles and antiparticles are discovered at the same time, and have the same energy but differ in that “particles are anode energy” and” antiparticles are cathode energy”.

The cause of the balance of the two poles: cathode and anode is that the arising of particles and antiparticles is from a universe where the total energy is zero. The Buddhist jargon, the universe is the vacuum and arises mutually opposite pairs: particles-antiparticle is the Wonderful Existence. In the case when a particle and antiparticle collide, they are mutually destroyed according to the sense of mutual support and integration in returning of energy.

Thereafter, every time the temperature of the universe drops to a certain level, once again the symmetry at that extent will be destroyed. The number of particles and that of antiparticles begin to be unequal, particles become more than antiparticles. Therefore, with time are discovered the different particles, from heavy particles such as anode electronics, neutral electronics, to light particles such as cathode electronics. Then by gravity the particles gather to form atoms, atoms into molecules …Then in turn the galaxy formed, from which arise stars and planetary systems, etc. The life is finally established by meeting the necessary elements.

In terms of the Aspects of Dharmas, each particular thing itself can maintain its individual self-nature, as an object of perception that it is itself.

Regarding the Dharma-Nature, the True Form of all beings is the Nothingness, there is no limit, no difference.

Therefore every single thing appears everywhere and includes through the universe. This is the Complete Combination vision of the Avatamsaka: the Absolute-Truth is basically purity, fulfillment, and complete illumination, but also has the wonderful using of the power of generating to create the world in its vast variety. It can be said that this world is the world of the conditionality of all physical and psychical phenomena fitting inside a molecule without being scaled down.

There are four cases of the correlative combination:

  1. The one in one by one: an individual fully maintains its particular nature in terms of characteristics of Dharmas, while in terms of Nature of Dharmas it includes another object because both individuals have the same True Form which is Nothingness.
  2. The one in all: all do not lose their individual features and can contain every individual that its Dharma-nature is identical to the Dharma-nature of all.
  3. All in one by one: the individual retains its own particular nature while it covers all because all are identical in nothingness.
  4. All in all: all maintain their individual features in terms of characteristics of Dharmas, while each individual can contain all in terms of Dharma-nature.

In short, individual reality is covered in a vast Reality, and this vast Reality participates within each individual reality. In addition, each and every individual being includes in itself all the others. Thus it can be said that there is a comprehensive mutual correlation in Dharmadhatu, the relation of the Unique Multiple  Phenomenal Identity type is also known as Nothingness (Sunya), is Not Born (Anutpada), and No Self-Nature (Asvabhava).

Reference: – Luận giải Trung Luận Tánh Khởi và Duyên Khởi – Author: Hong Duong Nguyen Van Hai

Esoteric Dharma Vajrapani Lineage

Vajrapani group – “Sun” generation

Nhật Hiệp

Translation – Nhật Loan